Towards the end of the first quarter of 1870, no new issues of
postage stamps had yet been received from Spain. To help overcome this
shortage, it was decided to overprint stocks of the 1-real stamps of 1863
with the legend "HABILITADO POR LA NACION", mainly to serve on
foreign mail, replacing the now-exhausted 12-4/8 centimos
de peso fuerte value of 1868.
ISSUES OF 1863 OVERPRINTED "HABILITADO POR LA NACION"
1-real grey green issue of February and March 1863. It is believed
that 75 or 76 sheets were overprinted, (3,750 or 3,800 stamps). (Scott #33; SG #35; Edifil #20K)
1-real green and emerald green issues of October 1863. (Scott #34; SG #36; Edifil #20L)
Notes: Authorities tend to disagree
with the actual first day of sale for this issue, as follows:
1) 1869 - Lopez, (1890).
2) April 12, 1870
- Hanciau, (1905) and Palmer, (1912).
3) September 6, 1970
- Mencarini, (1896) and Bartels, (1904). That is
the date of a Royal Decree acknowledging receipt of the notification, dated
April 12, 1870, which confirms the issue and use of the surcharge until the
arrival of new supplies from Spain.