Spanish-Philippine Perfins

A Perfin (Perforated Initials) is a series of small holes punched into a stamp forming a letter, series of letters, insignia or other design. Perfins are applied by an individual, organization or government agency for the purpose of preventing the unauthorised use or theft of the stamps.

Perfins exist printed normally (viewed from front and back respectively), inverted (viewed from front and back respectively), or occasionally sideways.

 

Smith, Bell and Company

Smith, Bell and Company was founded in Liverpool, England in 1846. It opened an office in Manila in early 1847, and later expanded to other Philippine cities. During the 1870s and 1880s, when its Perfins were in use, they had branch offices in Cebu and Iloilo. The company played a major business role in the Philippines as a shipping agent for many key agricultural exports, such as sugar and help; as well as an insurance agent. The firm continued through 1898 and during the 20th century, was acquired by Filipino interests and remains present under its original name today.

'S. B & Co' in two lines

Period after the 'S' but not after the 'B'
Sloper Ledgers, Press No. 5099 (Produced Between July and August 1876)
Known to occur inverted and sideways
Used between early 1870s and 1880s
Earliest Known Usage on King Amadeo 10c Green issue of 1871 (sideways)

Known Stamps with 'S. B & Co' Perfin:

Scott #

Period

Value

Issue Date

Comments

40

King Amadeo

10c Green

1871

 

43

King Amadeo

12c Rose

1872

 

52

King Alfonso XII

2c Rose

1875

 

55

King Alfonso XII

10c Blue

1877

Ex Bill Oliver Collection

56

King Alfonso XII

12c Lilac

1876

 

57

King Alfonso XII

20c Violet Brown

1876

 

58

King Alfonso XII

25c Deep Green

1876

 

72*

King Alfonso XII

2c on 25m Green

1879

 

78*

King Alfonso XII

2-4/8c Ultramarine

1882

 

79

King Alfonso XII

2-4/8c Ultramarine

1883

Ex Jeff Turnbull Collection

80*

King Alfonso XII

2-4/8c Ultramarine

1886

 

81

King Alfonso XII

5c Gray

1882

 

83

King Alfonso XII

8c Yellow Brown

1880

 

85

King Alfonso XII

10c Brown Lilac

1882

 

86

King Alfonso XII

12-4/8c Bright Rose

1882

 

87

King Alfonso XII

20c Bistre Brown

1882

 

88

King Alfonso XII

25c Dark Brown

1882

 

 
* Scott #s 72, 78 and 80 have been previously reported but not seen to date


 

Roxas Reyes and Company

Little is known about Roxas, Reyes & Company. It was listed as Merchants in Manila in 1879 and the business was involved in shipping of agricultural products from the Philippines. It is possible that Francisco L. Roxas y Reyes (1851-January 11, 1897) was linked to Roxas Reyes & Company. He was a businessman, musician and a second cousin of one of the richest men in the Philippines at that time, Don Pedro Pablo Roxas. He entered business in 1880 as a comisionista (commission agent) for shipping lines. By 1887 he had become a consignatorio de vapores (shipping agent) with office at Calle de la Barca, Binondo. In 1886 such was his prestige and wealth that he was appointed to the board of directors of Banco Español-Filipino, the first public bank of the Philippines. In 1890 he entered the import-export business for shipping supplies.

'R. R & CA' in two lines

Period after the first 'R' but not after the second 'R'
Two periods below ‘A’ of ‘CA
Known to occur inverted and sideways
Used between late 1870s and early 1880s
Earliest Known Usage on King Alfonso XII 20c Violet Brown issue of 1876

Known Stamps with 'R. R & Ca' Perfin:

Scott #

Period

Value

Issue Date

Comments

53

King Alfonso XII

2c Blue

1877

Ex Welson Chu Collection

55

King Alfonso XII

10c Blue

1877

57

King Alfonso XII

20c Violet Brown

1876

 

59

King Alfonso XII

2c on 12c Rose

1877

 

60

King Alfonso XII

12c on 25m Black

1879

 

62

King Alfonso XII

25m Black

1878

 

67

King Alfonso XII

100m Yellow Green

1879

 

68

King Alfonso XII

125m blue

1878

 

71

King Alfonso XII

250m Bistre

1879

 

72

King Alfonso XII

2c on 25m Green

1879

 

73

King Alfonso XII

8c on 100m Carmine

1879

 

75

King Alfonso XII

8c on 100m Carmine

1879

 

77

King Alfonso XII

2-1/2c Brown

1880

 

83

King Alfonso XII

8c Yellow Brown

1880

 

89

Surcharge Era

2c on 2-1/2c Brown

1881

 

116

Surcharge Era

8c on 2r Blue

1881

 

 

 

H and Company

No validation as to the name and nationality of this firm. Perfins exist on stamps issued between 1892 and 1899. Some have speculated that it is Heacock and Company that occurred in Manila in the 20th century. However, there is no evidence to confirm this.

'H & Co' in one line

Period below ‘o’ of ‘Co’
Only known to occur printed normally (with Perfin split across two stamps)
Used in the 1890s
Earliest Known Usage on King Alfonso XIII 20c Grey Brown issue of 1892

Known Stamps with 'H & Co' Perfin:

Scott #

Period

Value

Issue Date

174

King Alfonso XIII

20c Gray Brown

1892

201

King Alfonso XIII

5c Carmine Rose

1898

204

King Alfonso XIII

10c Vermilion

1898

 

References:

1)            Perfins. IPPS News, Volume II, No. 4, November – December 1982, Page 9.

2)            Perfins of the Philippines. Don Peterson, IPPS News, Volume III, No. 3, July – September 2003, Pages 16-17.

3)            Early Philippine Perfin. Orwin Austria, IPPS Newsletter, Volume XXI, No. 2 (Whole Number 67), Second Quarter 2001, Page 4.

4)           Perfins of the Spanish Philippines. Don Peterson, IPPS Newsletter, Volume XXIII, No. 4 (Whole Number 73), Fourth Quarter 2003, Pages 3-4.

5)           Another Sloper Die With a Type II “&”.  Roy Gault, January 2016.

 

Many thanks to Bill Oliver and Brian Freeman for discovering and sharing the identity of the RR&Ca perfin (thanks to a corresponding business handstamp on a Revenue Perfin in Bill Oliver’s collection).

 

Special thanks to The Perfin Society, specifically Roy Gault, Jeff Turnbull and Stephen Steere for assistance with the Smith Bell & Co Perfin.

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Last Update: 03.04.2016